This paper discusses the implementation of Lean Enterprise management, principles, and tools in seaport operations. The paper begins by providing an overview of the necessary management training, strategy, and structure necessary for a successful lean implementation. An analysis of appropriate lean tools to be applied in seaport operations is provided, citing specific examples of the implementation of those tools at the Port of Mobile, Alabama. The paper also investigates the importance of integrating lean concepts in support functions such as accounting, maintenance, and human resources in order to holistically enhance overall port operations. The paper concludes with a discussion of keys to successful lean implementation, issues relative to sustaining improvement efforts, and suggestions for additional focuses of improvement for implementing lean in port operations.
The Application of Lean Enterprise to Improve Seaport Operations

Transportation Research Board – Paper-09-2777